Phone: +43 1 52177-329
Main Grants and Research Funding
2016 - 2020 - PI in the project
"Coral’s Gastric Cavity: a bioreactor for microbe-driven metabolic pathways", funded by FTC - Portuguese Science Foundation
through a Postdoctoral grant (reference nr SFRH/BPD/110285/2015; funding of Euro 18,690.00 per year, for a total of 6 years).
2012 - 2015 - PI in two projects "COSMIC - Coral Surface Microlayer: production and dynamics of mucus-associated microbial communities", funded by the FWF - Austrian Science Fund (nr M1363-B20; total of Euro 149,340.00) and the European Commission (nr 299320, under call identifier FP7-PEOPLE-2011-IEF; total of Euro 180,191.40).
2010 - Postdoctoral fellowship within the EU-funded FORCE project (Future of Reefs in a Changing Environment: an ecosystem approach to managing Caribbean coral reefs in the face of climate change).
2004 - 2008 - PhD Fellowship by the Portuguese Science Foundation (FCT, reference nr SFRH/BD/13382/2003; total funding of Euro 183.520,00).
2003 - 2004 - Junior Scientific Research grant attributed by IMAR (Institute of the Sea, Portugal), under the EU-funded project INTERREG IIIb/OGAMP, "Planning and Management of Marine Protected Areas".
2009 - PhD in coral evolutionary biology and microbial ecology, with thesis title "Corals through the light - Phylogenetics, functional diversity and adaptive strategies of coral-symbiont associations over a large depth range". University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (25.06.2009)
2002 - Licentiate Degree (MSc-equivalent) in Marine Animal Biology at the Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon (FCUL), Portugal
Since July 2020 - Curator and researcher at the Zoological Department III (Invertebrate Zoology), Natural History Museum Vienna.
2016 - 2020 - Postdoctoral researcher within the group of Prof. dr. Ester Serrão (Biogeographical Ecology and Evolution) at the Center of Marine Sciences (CCMAR) at the University of Algarve; and long-term visitor in the groups of Dr. Nicole Webster at the Australian Institute of Marine Science and Dr. David Bourne at James Cook University, in Townsville, Australia.
2011 - 2015 - Postdoctoral researcher within the group of Prof. dr. Gerhard J Herndl (Microbial Oceanography) at the Department of Limnology and Bio-Oceanography (former Marine Biology) in the University of Vienna, Austria.
2010 - Postdoctoral researcher at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM, Mexico) in the EU Project FORCE (Future of Reefs in a Changing Environment: an ecosystem approach to managing Caribbean coral reefs in the face of climate change). This position was supervised by Prof. dr. Roberto Iglesias-Prieto.
2004 - 2009 - PhD research supervised by Prof. dr. Rolf PM Bak at NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research and the University of Amsterdam (UvA), The Netherlands, with co-promoter Prof. dr. Jef Huisman.
2008 - Guest Researcher within the group of Dr. Jaap Kaandorp, in the Section Computational Science at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
2003 - 2004 - MPA Researcher at the Department of Oceanography and Fisheries of the University of the Azores, Portugal, with a junior research grant attributed by IMAR (Institute of the Sea), under the EU-funded project INTERREG IIIb/OGAMP, "Planning and Management of Marine Protected Areas", supervised by Prof. dr. Ricardo Serrão Santos (http://www.horta.uac.pt/projectos/macmar/ogamp/ogamp.html).
2001 - 2002 - Research project to conclude the (MSc-equivalent) graduation in Marine Animal Biology, entitled "Coral population structures in marginal environments: the inland bays of Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles", supervised by Prof. dr. Rolf PM Bak (UvA), Dr. Adolph O Debrot (CARMABI) and Prof. dr. Jose Guerreiro (FCUL).
27. Frade PR, Glasl B, Matthews SA, Mellin C, Schaffelke B, Serrão EA, Wolff K, Mumby PJ, Webster NS and Bourne DG (2020) Spatial patterns of microbial communities across surface waters of the Great Barrier Reef. Communications Biology 3:442. doi: 10.1038/s42003-020-01166-y
26. Marchioro GM, Glasl B, Engelen AH, Serrão EA, Bourne DG, Webster NS and Frade PR (2020) Coral tissue and mucus microbiomes differ in their sensitivity to host and environmental variation. PeerJ 8:e9644. doi: 10.7717/peerj.9644
25. O‘Brien PA, Tan S, Yang C, Frade PR, Andreakis N, Smith HA, Miller DJ, Webster NS, Zhang G and Bourne DG (2020) Diverse coral reef invertebrates exhibit patterns of phylosymbiosis. The ISME Journal. doi: 10.1038/s41396-020-0671-x
24. Wolfe K, Anthony K, Babcock RC, Bay L, Bourne DG, Burrows D, Byrne M, Deaker D, Diaz-Pulido G, Frade PR, Gonzalez-Rivero M, Hoey A, Hoogenboom M, McCormick M, Ortiz JC, Razak T, Richardson AJ, Sheppard-Brennand H, Stella J, Thompson A, Watson SA, Webster NS, Audas D, Beeden R, Bonanno V, Carver J, Cowlishaw M, Dyer M, Groves P, Horne D, Thiault L, Vains J, Wachenfeld D, Weekers D, Williams G and Mumby PJ (2020) Priority species to support the functional integrity of coral reefs. Oceanography & Marine Biology: an Annual Review 58
23. Glasl B, Robbins S, Frade PR, Marangon E, Laffy P, Bourne DG and Webster NS (2020) Comparative genome-centric analysis reveals seasonal variation in the function of coral reef microbiomes. The ISME Journal. doi: 10.1038/s41396-020-0622-6
22. Glasl B, Bourne DG, Frade PR, Thomas T, Schaffelke B and Webster NS (2019) Microbial indicators of environmental perturbations in coral reef ecosystems. Microbiome 7:94. doi: 10.1101/524173
21. Engelen AH, Aires T, Vermeij MJA, Herndl GJ, Serrão EA and Frade PR (2018) Host differentiation and compartmentalization of microbial communities in the azooxanthellate cupcorals Tubastrea coccinea and Rhizopsammia goesi in the Caribbean. Frontiers in Marine Science 5: 391. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2018.00391
20. Frade PR, Bongaerts P, Englebert N, Rogers A, Gonzalez-Rivero M and Hoegh-Guldberg O (2018) Deep reefs of the Great Barrier Reef offer limited thermal refuge during mass coral bleaching. Nature Communications 9 (1): 3447. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05741-0
19. Benzoni F, Arrigoni R, Berumen M, Taviani M, Bongaerts P and Frade PR (2018) Morphological and genetic divergence between the Mediterranean and Caribbean populations of Madracis pharensis (Heller 1868): too much for one species? Zootaxa 4471 (3): 473–492. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4471.3.3
18. van Oppen MJH, Frade PR, Bongaerts P, Peplow LM, Boyd S, Nim H and Bay LK (2018) Adaptation to reef habitats through selection on the coral animal and its associated microbiome. Molecular Ecology 27: 2956-2971. doi: 10.1111/mec.14763
17. Glasl B, Bourne DG, Frade PR and Webster NS (2018) Establishing microbial baselines to identify indicators of coral reef health. Microbiology Australia 10.1071/MA18011
16. Glasl B, Bongaerts P, Elisabeth NH, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Herndl GJ and Frade PR (2017) Microbiome variation in corals with distinct depth distribution ranges across a shallow-mesophotic gradient (15-85 m). Coral Reefs 36 (2): 447-452. doi: 10.1007/s00338-016-1517-x
15. Goldammer H, Hollergschwandtner E, Elisabeth NH, Frade PR and Reipert S (2016) Automated freeze substitution of algae accelerated by a novel agitation module. Protist 167: 369-376. doi: 10.1016/j.protis.2016.06.002
14. Glasl B, Herndl GJ and Frade PR (2016) The microbiome of coral surface mucus has a key role in mediating holobiont health and survival upon disturbance. The ISME Journal 10: 2280-2292. doi: 10.1038/ismej.20169
13. Frade PR, Roll K, Bergauer K and Herndl GJ (2016) Archaeal and Bacterial communities associated with the surface mucus of Caribbean corals differ in their degree of host specificity and community turnover over reefs. PLoS ONE 01/2016, 11 (1): e0144702. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144702
12. Frade PR, Schwaninger V, Glasl B, Sintes E, Hill RW, Simó R and Herndl GJ (2015) Dimethylsulfoniopropionate in corals and its interrelations with bacterial assemblages in coral surface mucus. Environmental Chemistry 13 (2): 252-265. doi: 10.1071/EN15023
11. Bongaerts P, Carmichael M, Hay KB, Tonk L, Frade PR and Hoegh-Guldberg O (2015) Prevalent endosymbiont zonation shapes the depth distributions of scleractinian coral species. Royal Society Open Science 2: 140297. doi: 10.1098/rsos.140297
10. Bongaerts P, Frade PR, Hay KB, Englebert N, Latijnhouwers K, Bak RPM, Vermeij MJA and Hoegh-Guldberg O (2015) Deep down on a Caribbean reef: lower mesophotic depths harbor a specialized coral-endosymbiont community. Scientific Reports 5: 7652. doi: 10.1038/srep07652
9. Bongaerts P, Frade PR, Ogier JJ, Hay KB, van Bleiswijk J, Englebert N, Vermeij MJA, Bak RPM, Visser PM and Hoegh-Guldberg O (2013) Sharing the slope: depth partitioning of Agariciid corals and their associated Symbiodinium across shallow and mesophotic habitats (0-60 m) on a Caribbean reef. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 205. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-205
8. Filatov MV, Frade PR, Bak RPM, Vermeij MJA and Kaandorp JA (2013) Comparison between colony morphology and molecular phylogeny in the Caribbean scleractinian coral genus Madracis. PLoS ONE 8 (8): e71287. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0071287
7. Vermeij MJA, Frade PR and Bak RPM (2013) Zooxanthellae presence acts as a settlement cue for aposymbiotic planulae of the Caribbean coral Montrastraea faveolata. Caribbean Journal of Science 47: 31-36
6. Frade PR, Reyes-Nivia MC, Faria J, Kaandorp JA, Luttikhuizen PC and Bak RPM (2010) Semi-permeable species boundaries in the coral genus Madracis: introgression in a brooding coral system. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57: 1072-1090
5. Hill RW, Li C, Jones AD, Gunn JP and Frade PR (2010) Abundant betaines in reef-building corals and ecological indicators of a photoprotective role. Coral Reefs 29: 869-880
4. Frade PR, de Jongh F, Vermeulen F, van Bleijswijk J and Bak RPM (2008) Variation in symbiont distribution between closely related coral species over large depth ranges. Molecular Ecology 17: 691-703
3. Frade PR, Bongaerts P, Winkelhagen AJS, Tonk L and Bak RPM (2008) In situ photobiology of corals over large depth ranges: a multivariate analysis on the roles of environment, host, and algal symbiont. Limnology and Oceanography 53: 2711-2723
2. Frade PR, Englebert N, Faria J, Visser PM and Bak RPM (2008) Distribution and photobiology of Symbiodinium types in different light environments for three colour morphs of the coral Madracis pharensis: is there more to it than total irradiance? Coral Reefs 27: 913-925
1. Vermeij MJA, Frade PR, Jacinto RIR, Debrot AO and Bak RPM (2007) Effects of reproductive mode on habitat-related differences in the population structure of eight Caribbean coral species. Marine Ecology Progress Series 351: 91-102
2. Frade PR, Bongaerts P, Baldwin CC, Trembanis AC, Bak RPM and Vermeij MJA (2019) The mesophotic coral ecosystems of Bonaire and Curaçao. In: Loya Y, Puglise K and Bridge T (2019) Coral Reefs of the World Series: Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems. Springer
1. Frade PR (2009) Corals through the light - Phylogenetics, functional diversity and adaptive strategies of coral-symbiont associations over a large depth range. PhD Thesis, University of Amsterdam, 176 pp. (ISBN: 978-90-9024362-7) (http://dare.uva.nl/record/305853)
11. Frade PR, Glasl B, Matthews SA, Serrão EA, Webster NS and Bourne DG (2019) Exploring the distribution and diagnostic power of microbiomes across the Great Barrier Reef towards the implementation of microbial observatories (oral presentation). 15th European Ecological Federation Congress, Lisbon, Portugal, 29 July - 2 August
10. Frade PR (2018) The role of coral-associated microbial communities on host distribution and adaptation across mesophotic depths (invited speaker). Gordon Research Conference on Mesophotic Coral Reefs, Bates College, Maine, USA, 17-22 June
9. Frade PR (2017) A microbial perspective on the coral holobiont: host compartments, microbial successions and adaptations to the mesophotic environment (invited speaker). ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Australia, 21 November
8. Frade PR, Marangon E, Glasl B, Herndl GJ and Serrão EA (2017) Microbial successions within distinct compartments of the coral holobiont and their relation to coral health (oral presentation). 1st Australian Microbial Ecology (AusME), Melbourne, Australia, 13-15 February
7. Frade PR (2015) Keystone host-microbe interactions within the coral holobiont and their ecological significance (invited speaker). Mini-Symposium “Coral Reef Functioning” on the occasion of the PhD defense of PhD candidate Benjamin Mueller, NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute of Sea Research, The Netherlands, 2 December
6. Frade PR, Schwaninger V, Glasl B, Sintes E, Hill RW, Simó R and Herndl GJ (2015) Coral dimethylsulfoniopropionate: responses to light and stress, and interrelations with bacterial assemblages in surface mucus (oral presentation). 37th Scientific Meeting of the Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean (AMLC), Curaçao, 18-22 May
5. Frade PR, Elisabeth NH, Hay KB, Englebert N, Latijnhouwers KRW, Bak RPM, Vermeij MJA, Herndl GJ, Hoegh-Guldberg O and Bongaerts P (2015) A specialized coral-Symbiodinium-Bacteria community deep down on a Caribbean reef (poster presentation). 37th Scientific Meeting of the Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean (AMLC), Curaçao, 18-22 May
4. Glasl B, Herndl GJ and Frade PR (2015) Corals use mucus to garden their microbiome and stay healthy (poster presentation). 37th Scientific Meeting of the Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean (AMLC), Curaçao, 18-22 May
3. Frade PR and Herndl GJ (2014) Linking the composition of coral surface mucus to the structure and function of its associated microbial biofilm community (oral presentation). Biofilms 6, Vienna, Austria, 13 May
2. Frade PR (2012) Coral surface microlayer: the unexplored microhabitat linking zooxanthellae activity to the structure and dynamics of mucus-associated prokaryotic communities (oral presentation). Symposium “Let’s talk about symbiosis”, University of Vienna, Austria, 10 October
1. Frade PR (2011) The Madracis monsters: an evolutionary perspective on coral-symbiont associations (invited speaker). Symposium “Branching Out In Coral Reef Ecology” in honour of the retirement of Prof. dr. RPM Bak, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 7 December
Ongoing and Recent Collaborations
Since 2019 - Using machine learning and artificial intelligence to model the response of microbial communities to environmental dynamics and predict future ecosystem responses in the face of a rapidly changing climate; with Dr. Matteo Convertino from the University of Hokkaido, in Japan.
Since 2018 - Using confocal microscopy to detect patterns of coral tissue fluorescence relating to a undescribed mechanism of coral response to thermal and light stress; with Prof. Igor Adameyko from the Brain Research Center at the Medical University of Vienna, in Austria.
Since 2017 - Collaborator in the project “Marine invertebrates and their associated microbial communities“, a research initiative led by Dr. David Bourne at James Cook University in Australia.
2016 - 2020 - Collaborator in the project “Marine Microbes Framework Data Initiative“ of the Bioplatforms Australia, through the research groups of Dr. David Bourne at the James Cook University and Dr. Nicole Webster at the Australian Institute of Marine Science.
2018 - 2019 - Collaborator in the project “Reviewing microbial communities on the Great Barrier Reef: contribution to a functioning reef“, a research initiative coordinated by the National Environmental Science Programme of Australia and led by Dr. David Bourne at James Cook University.
2012 - 2016 - Collaborator within the Catlin Seaview Survey and the XL Catlin Seaview Survey, two major scientific expeditions led by the University of Queensland (Australia) whose aim was to document the composition and health of coral reefs worldwide. Specific research has focused on mesophotic reefs, niche diversification of corals and their symbionts over large depth ranges, the role of ecological speciation in corals.
Since 2014 - Comparing ancient (pre-industrial) with modern Symbiodiniaceae communities associated with stony corals, using the wet collection of the Natural History Museum (NHM) in Vienna (Austria); with Dr. Helmut Sattmann and Dr. Elisabeth Haring from NHM.
Since 2013 - Taxonomic revisions in the coral genus Madracis; with Dr. Francesca Benzoni from University of Milano-Bicocca (Italy) and KAUST (Saudi Arabia).
Since 2010 - Mesophotic reefs, niche diversification of corals and their symbionts over large depth ranges, the role of ecological speciation in corals; with Dr. Pim Bongaerts from California Academy of Sciences (USA) and Prof. dr. Ove Hoegh-Guldberg from the Global Change Institute and the University of Queensland (Australia).
South Coast of Portugal – multiple fieldtrips in 2013-2018
Azores Islands (Portugal) – multiple fieldtrips in 2003-2004
Southern Caribbean Reefs (Curaçao Island) - multiple fieldtrips in 2001-2015
Over 1500 research dives
Since 2020 - Guest lecturer of the (Marine Biology) MSc course Coral Reef Ecology at the University of Algarve, Portugal.
2018 - 2019 - Invited lecturer at the undergraduate course on “Life History and Evolution of Reef Corals“, coordinated by Dr. David Bourne at the James Cook University, in Townsville, Australia.
2011 - 2012 - Invited lecturer at the undergraduate course on “Coral Reef Ecosystems“, coordinated by Dr. Petra Visser (Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics) as part of the MSc in Biological Science at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Since 2017 - Advisor of PhD candidate Paul O‘Brien at the James Cook University (main supervisors: Dr. David Bourne and Prof. dr. David Miller at James Cook University, and Dr. Nicole Webster at the Australian Institute of Marine Science). Paul‘s PhD focuses on using metagenomics and metatranscriptomics to investigate signals of co-evolution between marine invertebrates and their microbiomes, both at the scale of host phyla and amongst closely related host species.
2016 - 2019 - Advisor of PhD candidate Katarina Damjanovic at the Australian Institute of Marine Science (main supervisors: Prof. dr. Madeleine van Oppen and Prof. dr. Linda Blackall, University of Melbourne, Australia). Katarina‘s PhD focuses on manipulating the coral microbiome and assessing the role of prokaryotes on the acclimatization capacity of early life stages of corals.
2013 - 2017 - Advisor of PhD candidate Norbert Englebert from the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia (main supervisors: Prof. dr. Ove Hoegh-Guldberg and Dr. Pim Bongaerts). Norbert‘s PhD focused on the ecology of mesophotic corals, and particularly how these corals manage to survive and reproduce under extreme low-light conditions.
Since 2004 - Supervisor of more than 20 MSc students, both in the lab and in the field, including thesis guidance and final grading (University of Amsterdam, University of Lisboa, University of Vienna, University of Innsbruck, University of South Denmark, University of Algarve).
2020 - Scientific advisor in the project “Whitening Out“, an initiative led by Claudia Schildknecht and the Biotop der Relevanz, aimed at building and installing a ceramic “dead coral reef“ made by school kids in a public fountain in Lucern, Switzerland.
2019 - Invited speaker at the ProjectAR event, organized by the Champalimaud Foundation in Lisbon, Portugal, as coral expert commenting on the documentary “Chasing Coral”. Information available here: events.ar.fchampalimaud.org/chasingcoral/
2019 - Interview with reporter Joana Moreira, Beauty Editor of “Vogue Portugal”, for an article about “Coral bleaching and the effect of sunscreens on corals and coral reefs”, published in the September
2019 edition of the magazine. Article available here: https://www.ccmar.ualg.pt/sites/ccmar.ualg.pt/files/202_voguept_protecao_coral.pdf
2019 - Interview with students from the 8th grade (14 years old) of the JBV School of Sao Bras de Alportel about biotic relations and marine mutualisms.
2018 - “The deeply appalling condition of the Great Barrier Reef“, a Behind the Paper contribution to Nature Ecology and Evolution. https://natureecoevocommunity.nature.com/users/170958-pedro-r-frade/posts/38391-the-deeply-appalling-condition-of-the-great-barrier-reef
2016 - 2018 - Member of the science team running the citizen-science project “Earthwatch”, which involves the general public on field activities of scientists monitoring the effects of cyclones on coral reefs. This project is led by Dr. David Bourne and runs biannually at the Orpheus Island Research Station of James Cook University, in Australia.
2015 - Scientific Manager in the project “Scopulum Anima - Reef Soul” (directed by digital artist Roman Hansi), a full-dome underwater documentary including real footage and digital animation (a trailler is available). Trailler exhibited at the Planetarium of the Natural History Museum in Vienna in October 2015.
2015 - Recipient of the Hans and Lotte Hass Marine Conservation Prize (“Hans und Lotte Hass Meeresschutzpreis”), awarded by the “Haus des Meeres - Aqua Terra Zoo”, in Vienna, Austria, to recognize the contribution of the recipient to the conservation of marine ecosystems.
2015 - University of Queensland Travel Award for International Collaborative Research, to work with Prof. dr. Ove Hoegh-Guldberg at the Global Change Institute in Brisbane, Australia.
2013 - ASSEMBLE (Association of European Marine Biological Laboratories) Infrastructure Access Fellowship with the project MUMISOLCOR, “Mucus Microbiome of Solitary Scleractinian Corals”.
Organization of Workshops and Conferences
2015 - Main organizer of the AutReef2015, a workshop on reef research made in Austria, Natural History Museum (NHM), in Vienna, 28 Oct 2015 (www.autreef.com).
2015 - Host of the session “Microbial lifestyles and microbe-driven processes in Caribbean coral reefs” at the 37th Scientific Meeting of the Association of Marine Laboratories of the Caribbean (AMLC), Curaçao, 18-22 May 2015.
Over 40 revisions for scientific journals such as ISME Journal, Molecular Ecology, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Marine Biology, Biogeosciences, Coral Reefs, eLIFE, Journal of Evolutionary Biology, JEMBE, Limnology and Oceanography, Aquatic Microbial Ecology, Environmental Chemistry, Environmental Microbiology, Scientific Reports and Frontiers in Microbiology, as well as for funding institutions such as the National Science Foundation (USA).