The Collection of the Chevalier de Baillou of Florence

The basis of the Vienna Natural History Collection was the former private collection of the Florentine renaissance man Johann von Baillou.

Emperor Franz I became Grand Duke of the Tuscany in 1739; crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 1745, he was very partial to the ascending natural sciences. In 1748 he acquired the natural history collection of Johann von Baillou, which, with its approximately 30,000 samples, was the most important European collection of its type. The learned man Joannon de Saint Laurent described it in a publication shortly before this (SAINT LAURENT, 1746).