mammals (hall 33 - 39)

Rooms 33 – 39 present mammals in systematic sequence. The specimens are displayed free-standing, in glass display cases and in dioramas.
About 470 dermoplastics in seven display rooms illustrate the enormous diversity of mammal species (the entire collection today comprises between 80,000 and 100,000 specimens).
 
The bulk of the museum's dermoplastics and several thousand skins are stored in an underground vault at a constant temperature of 10 degrees Celsius. Because of the low temperature, no chemical pesticide treatment is needed. The collection also includes several thousand specimens preserved in alcohol.
Apart from material important for biology research – such as numerous type specimens (reference specimens for the naming of a species) – the collection also includes historically precious objects, such as the primates collected by Johann Natterer in the 19th century in South America.





The collection
Scientists are aware of some 6,000 species of mammals, and new species are described at regular intervals. About 300 million years ago, the line leading to mammals split from the one leading to reptiles and birds (the nearest living relatives of mammals). The collection of the NHM Vienna encompasses 80,000 – 100,000 mammals from all groups, among them specimens of historical value from the late 18th and early 19th centuries, as well as some species that became extinct in recorded history (e.g. Tasmanian tiger, crescent nail-tail wallaby, quagga and blue antelope). Most of the objects held are skins, skeleton preparations, furs and alcohol preparations, but there are also about 2,000 dermoplastics. Apart from material important for biology research – such as numerous type specimens (reference specimens for the naming of a species) – the collection also includes historically precious objects, such as the primates collected by Johann Natterer in the 19th century in South America.



Highlights
Hall 33 - Monotremes, Marsupials, Bats, Eulipotyphla, Rodents, Pangolins
Hall 34 - Large Mammals
Hall 35 - Hoofed animals
Hall 36 - Goats, Sheep, Ibexes, Gazelles, Antelopes etc.
Hall 37 - Artiodactyls
Hall 38 - Carnivores